Diabetes Type 1 vs. Type 2

According to Diabetes UK 1 in 20 of us is being treated for diabetes, it also estimates that up to half a million people have the condition and are unaware!

If you have the following symptoms do not ignore them, consult your GP immediately:

  • Extreme thirst, unable to quench your thirst
  • Unusual hunger
  • Tiredness
  • Blurred vision
  • Increased frequency of urination

Diabetes is a serious condition and doesn’t go away, the right treatment is vital to minimise the long term risks of this condition, including but not limited to:

  • Damaged blood vessels
  • Heart conditions
  • Kidney dysfunction
  • Eye disorders

Type 1 Diabetes is a condition where the body is unable to produce insulin (a hormone which enables glucose to be removed from the bloodstream and into the cells). It is an autoimmune disease where the body attacks cells in the pancreas responsible for producing insulin. This type of diabetes is genetic and is usually diagnosed before somebody reaches the age of 40, typically in teenage life.

Anybody with Type 1 Diabetes is required to take regular insulin injections to enable blood glucose levels to be controlled.

Type 2 Diabetes occurs when the insulin naturally produced by the body is not efficient enough at removing glucose out of the bloodstream or the body has developed the ability to resist it. It generally happens as a result of one’s lifestyle.

The symptoms are similar to Type 1 but the Type 2 can be more harmful as it often takes years to be diagnosed, by which time the effects of sustained elevated glucose levels may have already taken effect on blood vessels and internal organs such as the heart and kidney.

Diet, exercise, weight loss are all used to control Type 2 Diabetes. Sometimes people with Type 2 are advised to take insulin to control their blood glucose levels.